Home › Hitting › Should I Use the Fence Drill to Improve My Swing?
  • 2/16/2011 launch

Should I use the 'Fence Drill' to improve my hitting? My coach says I need to fix my armbar, or long swing.

We have seen many instructors and coaches recommend the 'Fence Drill' to correct various swing flaws, or enforce good swings, identified as:
  • Fix "arm bar"
  • Fix a "long swing", or "loopy swing"
  • Fix casting or sweeping
  • Keep your "hands inside the baseball"
  • Create a "level swing"
  • Learn the quickest path to increase bat speed
  • Create a "compact swing"

This drill must be truly miraculous to cure so many ills!

We will present below both sides of the argument from experts, then show you some pictures of actual hitters using the fence drill, and finally give our recommendation.

How do you Perform the Fence Drill?

This is the Fence Drill
h/t siggy
The typical fence drill is taught by placing the knob of the bat against the bellybutton and the other end against the fence (or net).

Now, take your best swing (no ball needed) without hitting the fence/net.

Advocates for using the Fence Drill

My comments are in red

The first Google result for "fence drill" is BeaBetterHitter.com who says:
How to start
A good swing?
The next logical drill to reinforce the proper hand action is swinging the bat with both hands. Here is a drill that will help you to get the right feel for the proper path of the bat to the hitting zone. The goal is to achieve a short path "to the ball".

Stand facing a fence, holding your back arm straight out so that the tip of your fingers just touch the fence. Now, with bat in hand and utilizing the proper fundamentals, swing the bat through the hitting zone. Concentrate on taking your hands and the knob of the bat "to the ball" of course, this is not MLB swing. The tip of the bat should not hit the fence. If it does, you will get immediate negative feedback.

Hitting the fence is a result of "casting" or "sweeping" your hands through the hitting zone. Typically, this is a result of allowing your elbows to move away from your torso during the swing.

To practice the proper attacking of the hitting zone, bring the wrist action into the swing. The proper wrist action "snaps" the barrel into the hitting area after the hips have launched.

Your belly button should be facing the imaginary pitcher. Their 'good swing' picture does not show this.

Fence Drill
Baseball Rox
A former Cal player, Noah Jackson, on Baseball Rox says:
We do this drill to make sure our "hands are inside the baseball" and "swing through".

[After the first swing] Great.

Next we are going to challenge our hitters, we can move even closer to the fence.

[After the 2nd swing] Great job. He demonstrates "hands inside the ball" and can "drive through it".

In both swings, he contorted his body, created a non-MLB downward swing path, and in the 2nd swing he also disconnected his back elbow

A former A's player on pro-baseball-drills-and-equipment.com says:
Use this drill to make sure you are coming through the zone with your hands on the inside. The quickest and shortest path to the ball. ... This is the start of a compact swing... this will promote the ideal swing.
the shortest path to the ball is aka the non-MLB "hands to the ball".
An article by Spencer Hendricks on eHow.com says:
The goal of the drill is to learn a full speed swing without coming into contact with the fence.

This helps the hitter learn the quickest path to the ball when swinging, which will increase bat speed.

Unfortunately, the quickest path does not equate to increased bat speed.
The "Bearcats Athletics" on WePlay.com say (and oddly Coach Todd Williams says exactly the same thing on baseballsbestdrills.com):
Swing the bat through the hitting zone, concentrating on taking your hands to the ball... bring the wrist action into the swing. "hands to the ball" is not used by most MLB players.

A coach needs to watch to make sure that the batter doesn't lean away from the fence or tuck his elbows. we agree
Crow River Sports on Coaching Fastpitch says:
... swing without the bat touching the fence. The only way she will be able to do this is if the barrel of the bat is lagging behind her hands until her hands have reached a position out in front of her front foot where she wants to make contact with the ball (I call this late bat lag). A good swing with good hip rotation and the proper bat lag will insure that she will be putting all of the energy generated into the ball.

late 'bat lag' is unfortunately a desired objective in linear teaching. Late bat lag makes it easy to foul off and popup the ball, or hit weak grounders
Kevin Long, hitting coach for the Yankees, in a Wall Street Journal article Long Ball: Yankees' New Hitting Coach Has A-Rod and Team Back in Top Form says:
A-Rod doing Net Drill
60 Minutes
He taught A-Rod his "net drill," which he describes thusly: "You take a stance parallel to a net only a bat-length away from you. You hold the knob of the bat to your stomach to measure the distance. Then, your coach flips balls to you and you hit them -- without the bat touching the net. That's how you know your swing is more compact. The drill forces you to pull your hands towards your body as you swing -- it gets you in the proper position to turn on those inside pitches.

This is the best swing of this group, but I think he's a long way from that net. Even then, his body is slightly contorted.

Premier01 Baseball in their YouTube video P01 Baseball Training Drills: Fence Drill says:
Premier01 Fence Drill
Create a short compact swing with this simple drill.

It's short and compact but it doesn't look like any MLB swing. Notice the hand push after the back elbow hits the hip.

Advocates for not using the Fence Drill

Jack Mankin at BatSpeed.com says:
test the concept yourself before teaching it to your players. Stand close enough to a fence so that the bat will reach from your belly button to the fence. Without moving away from the fence, self-toss (or have someone feed you) balls and see just how effectively you can hit. --- Good luck.

I have often wondered where the idea for the mechanics used in the fence drill came from. Why would we think that accelerating the heel of the bat (or the hands) while keeping the bat head back during a good portion of the swing would result in greater bat speed and a shorter stroke than actively trying to accelerate the bat head from the start?
John Sigler "Siggy" said in 2005:
Fence drill elbow disconnect

Various drills which I don't recommend... Fence drill - bat-length away from fence, take a swing with the goal of not hitting the fence. The goal is actually a good one, but unfortunately most hitters modify their swings in ways that are not good. Here's an example of what can happen at the end of the swing of a fence drill (see right).

Mark H on Baseball-Fever.com says:
I don't find casting so difficult to cure that I would resort to the fence drill.

Do not use the Fence Drill for any reason

The fence drill is used by many well-meaning instructors to correct hitting flaws, but instead it masks problems, only to promote or ingrain new fatal flaws.

At best, hitters find creative ways to miss the fence or net via hip or torso contortions.

Elbow disconnect
h/t siggy
Hands to the ball
h/t siggy

You can't perform the Fence Drill without:
  • Disconnecting your elbow (I call it "belly rubbing")
  • or, taking your "hands to the ball" or the "knob to the ball" (not used in an MLB swing) (see Tewks)
  • or, creating unwanted late bat lag (where the bat head is behind your hands late in the swing)
  • or, contorting your body
  • and/or using an unwanted downward swing path (45 degrees down, instead of 10 degrees up at contact)
Now, let's address all the fixes and cures this drill was suppoosed to magically produce. If you want to correct swing faults, correct the faults.

The swing faults - arm bar, loopy swing, sweeping, and casting - can only be corrected by keeping your hands at your shoulder/ armpit.

Instead of creating a "level swing", the Fence Drill usually promotes a downward swing.

The "quickest path to the ball" will not increase bat speed. (See "hands to the ball" picture in this section.)

Yes, ladies, this goes for fastpitch also.